See the below image for the Human brain explained diagram. The human brain controls nearly every aspect of the human body ranging from physiological functions to cognitive abilities. It functions by receiving and sending messages through signals to different parts of the body.
Following are the major parts of the human brain: 1 Forebrain – Largest part of the brain. It is the anterior part of the brain. The forebrain parts include: 2 Midbrain: Smallest and central part of the brain. 3 Hindbrain: The lower part of the brain. 4 Cerebrum. 5 Tectum. More items
Brain Anatomy and How the Brain Works What is the brain? The brain is a complex organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, breathing, temperature, hunger and every process that regulates our body. Together, the brain and spinal cord that extends from it make up the central nervous system, or CNS.