Photosynthesis in Plants

Photosynthesis in plants is an extremely useful process whereby green plants take up carbon dioxide (a toxin) from the air and produce rich oxygen. Green plants are the only living thing on earth that are capable of converting the sun’s energy into food.

Photosynthesis in higher plants involves additional processes, but fundamentally it remains the same. It is a physicochemical process that uses sunlight for the synthesis of organic compounds. In this process, oxygen is released in the atmosphere. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast, found in the mesophyll cells of the leaves.

DEFINITION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS • Is the process by which autotrophic organisms use light energy to make sugar and oxygen gas from carbon dioxide and water. • Occurs in plants, algae and some prokaryotes • Anabolic (small molecules combined) • Endergonic (stores energy) • Stored as carbohydrate in their bodies. 4.